States of Nature

States of Nature Author Stuart George McCook
ISBN-10 9780292788183
Release 2010-07-05
Pages 216
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The process of nation-building in Latin America transformed the relations between the state, the economy, and nature. Between 1760 and 1940, the economies of most countries in the Spanish Caribbean came to depend heavily on the export of plant products, such as coffee, tobacco, and sugar. After the mid-nineteenth century, this model of export-led economic growth also became a central tenet of liberal projects of nation-building. As international competition grew and commodity prices fell over this period, Latin American growers strove to remain competitive by increasing agricultural production. By the turn of the twentieth century, their pursuit of export-led growth had generated severe environmental problems, including soil exhaustion, erosion, and epidemic outbreaks of crop diseases and pests. This book traces the history of the intersections between nature, economy, and nation in the Spanish Caribbean through a history of the agricultural and botanical sciences. Growers and governments in Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Colombia, and Costa Rica turned to scientists to help them establish practical and ideological control over nature. They hoped to use science to alleviate the pressing environmental and economic stresses, without having to give up their commitment to export-led growth. Starting from an overview of the relationship among science, nature, and development throughout the export boom of 1760 to 1930, Stuart McCook examines such topics as the relationship between scientific plant surveys and nation-building, the development of a "creole science" to address the problems of tropical agriculture, the ecological rationalization of the sugar industry, and the growth of technocratic ideologies of science and progress. He concludes with a look at how the Great Depression of the 1930s changed the paradigms of economic and political development and the role of science and nature in these paradigms.



The State of Nature

The State of Nature Author Gregg Mitman
ISBN-10 0226532364
Release 1992-10-01
Pages 290
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Although science may claim to be "objective," scientists cannot avoid the influence of their own values on their research. In The State of Nature, Gregg Mitman examines the relationship between issues in early twentieth-century American society and the sciences of evolution and ecology to reveal how explicit social and political concerns influenced the scientific agenda of biologists at the University of Chicago and throughout the United States during the first half of this century. Reacting against the view of nature "red in tooth and claw," ecologists and behavioral biologists such as Warder Clyde Allee, Alfred Emerson, and their colleagues developed research programs they hoped would validate and promote an image of human society as essentially cooperative rather than competitive. Mitman argues that Allee's religious training and pacifist convictions shaped his pioneering studies of animal communities in a way that could be generalized to denounce the view that war is in our genes.



States of Nature

States of Nature Author Tina Loo
ISBN-10 9780774840767
Release 2011-11-01
Pages 320
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States of Nature is one of the first books to trace the development of Canadian wildlife conservation from its social, political, and historical roots. While noting the influence of celebrity conservationists such as Jack Miner and Grey Owl, Tina Loo emphasizes the impact of ordinary people on the evolution of wildlife management in Canada. She also explores the elements leading up to the emergence of the modern environmental movement, ranging from the reliance on and practical knowledge of wildlife demonstrated by rural people to the more aloof and scientific approach of state-sponsored environmentalism.



The Americas in Early Modern Political Theory

The Americas in Early Modern Political Theory Author Stephanie B. Martens
ISBN-10 9781137519993
Release 2016-05-31
Pages 168
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This book examines early modern social contract theories within European representations of the Americas in the 16th and 17th century. Despite addressing the Americas only marginally, social contract theories transformed American social imaginaries prevalent at the time into Aboriginality, allowing for the emergence of the idea of civilization and the possibility for diverse discourses of Aboriginalism leading to excluding and discriminatory forms of subjectivity, citizenship, and politics. What appears then is a form of Aboriginalism pitting the American/Aboriginal other against the nascent idea of civilization. The legacy of this political construction of difference is essential to contemporary politics in settler societies. The author shows the intellectual processes behind this assignation and its role in modern political theory, still bearing consequences today. The way one conceives of citizenship and sovereignty underlies some of the difficulties settler societies have in accommodating Indigenous claims for recognition and self-government.



State of Nature Or Eden

State of Nature Or Eden Author Helen Thornton
ISBN-10 1580461964
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 251
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State of Nature or Eden? Thomas Hobbes and his Contemporaries on the Natural Condition of Human Beings aims to explain how Hobbes's state of nature was understood by a contemporary readership, whose most important reference point for such a condition was the original condition of human beings at the creation, in other words in Eden. The book uses ideas about how readers brought their own reading of other texts to any reading, that reading is affected by the context in which the reader reads, and that the Bible was the model for all reading in the early modern period. It combines these ideas with the primary evidence of the contemporary critical reaction to Hobbes, to reconstruct how Hobbes's state of nature was read by his contemporaries. The book argues that what determined how Hobbes's seventeenth century readers responded to his description of the state of nature were their views on the effects of the Fall. Hobbes's contemporary critics, the majority of whom were Aristotelians and Arminians, thought that the Fall had corrupted human nature, although not to the extent implied by Hobbes's description. Further, they wanted to look at human beings as they should have been, or ought to be. Hobbes, on the other hand, wanted to look at human beings as they were, and in doing so was closer to Augustinian, Lutheran and Reformed interpretations, which argued that nature had been inverted by the Fall. For those of Hobbes's contemporaries who shared these theological assumptions, there were important parallels to be seen between Hobbes's account and that of scripture, although on some points his description could have been seen as a subversion of scripture. The book also demonstrates that Hobbes was working within the Protestant tradition, as well as showing how he used different aspects of this tradition. Helen Thornton is an Independent Scholar. She completed her PhD at the University of Hull.



Roman Law in the State of Nature

Roman Law in the State of Nature Author Benjamin Straumann
ISBN-10 9781107092907
Release 2015-02-12
Pages 283
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Offers a new interpretation of the foundations of Hugo Grotius' highly influential doctrine of natural law and natural rights.



States of Nature

States of Nature Author Christopher La Barbera
ISBN-10 1433115670
Release 2012
Pages 123
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States of Natureinvestigates the removal of the animal and its moral import from accounts of the human in political thought. By engaging some of the most foundational Western political texts (from Plato'sRepublicto Locke'sTwo Treatisesto Rousseau'sDiscourse on Inequality), this work shows how the human and animal are intertwined in the creation of government, and in particular, in social contract theory. These political transitions are connected to transformations in the view of human nature that lead to the suppression of the animality of human life, as seen in Descartes' account of the metaphysics of man.States of Natureconcludes by arguing for a new, vital, and relational approach toward animality as a foundation for our animal and environmental obligations.



States of War

States of War Author David William Bates
ISBN-10 9780231158046
Release 2012
Pages 256
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We fear that the growing threat of violent attack has upset the balance between existential concepts of political power, which emphasize security, and traditional notions of constitutional limits meant to protect civil liberties. We worry that constitutional states cannot, during a time of war, terror, and extreme crisis, maintain legality and preserve civil rights and freedoms. David Williams Bates allays these concerns by revisiting the theoretical origins of the modern constitutional state, which, he argues, recognized and made room for tensions among law, war, and the social order. We traditionally associate the Enlightenment with the taming of absolutist sovereign power through the establishment of a legal state based on the rights of individuals. In his critical rereading, Bates shows instead that Enlightenment thinkers conceived of political autonomy in a systematic, theoretical way. Focusing on the nature of foundational violence, war, and existential crises, eighteenth-century thinkers understood law and constitutional order not as constraints on political power but as the logical implication of that primordial force. Returning to the origin stories that informed the beginnings of political community, Bates reclaims the idea of law, warfare, and the social order as intertwining elements subject to complex historical development. Following an analysis of seminal works by seventeenth-century natural-law theorists, Bates reviews the major canonical thinkers of constitutional theory (Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau) from the perspective of existential security and sovereign power. Countering Carl Schmitt's influential notion of the autonomy of the political, Bates demonstrates that Enlightenment thinkers understood the autonomous political sphere as a space of law protecting individuals according to their political status, not as mere members of a historically contingent social order.



In a state of nature

In a state of nature Author H. N. Muller
ISBN-10 0934720274
Release 1982
Pages 423
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In a state of nature has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from In a state of nature also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full In a state of nature book for free.



Montesquieu and the Philosophy of Natural Law

Montesquieu and the Philosophy of Natural Law Author Mark H. Waddicor
ISBN-10 9789401032384
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 228
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In the last hundred years, the philosophy of natural law has suffered a fate that could hardly have been envisaged by the seventeenth and eighteenth century exponents of its universality and eternity: it has become old-fashioned. The positivists and the Marxists were happy to throw eternal moral ity out of the window, confident that some magic temporal harmony would eventually follow Progress in by the front door. Their hopes may not have been fully realized, but they did succeed in discrediting natural law. What is often not appreciated is the extent to which we have adopted the tenets of the philosophy they despised, borh in the field of politics, and in the field of personal and social ethics, which Barbeyrac called "la science des mreurs" and which the positivists re christened "social science". Consequently, though we live in a world whose freedom, such as it is, is largely a result of the popularization of the philosophy of natural law, and whose conscious and unconscious standards, such as they are, are a result of that philosophy as it became combined with Christianity, the doctrine of natural law is itself for gotten. In view of the oblivion into which it has fallen, natural law is a concept which means little to the average reader. All too often, Montesquieu scholars have traded on this oblivion in order to give an exaggerated picture of his originality.



Rational Action

Rational Action Author T. R. Harrison
ISBN-10 052114373X
Release 2010-06-24
Pages 190
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This volume is concerned with the concepts of rationality, belief and desire in the explanation and evaluation of human action.



States of Nature

States of Nature Author Carlos Fonseca Suárez
ISBN-10 OCLC:921892704
Release 2015
Pages 262
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States of Nature has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from States of Nature also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full States of Nature book for free.



Mathematical Models of Distribution Channels

Mathematical Models of Distribution Channels Author Charles A. Ingene
ISBN-10 1402071639
Release 2004-10-29
Pages 568
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Mathematical Models of Distribution Channels identifies eight "Channel Myths" that characterize almost all analytical research on distribution channels. The authors prove that models that incorporate one or more Channel Myths generate distorted conclusions; they also develop a methodology that will enable researchers to avoid falling under the influence of any Channel Myth.



Political Theory and International Relations

Political Theory and International Relations Author Charles R. Beitz
ISBN-10 0691009155
Release 1979
Pages 248
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In this revised edition of his 1979 classic Political Theory and International Relations, Charles Beitz rejects two highly influential conceptions of international theory as empirically inaccurate and theoretically misleading. In one, international relations is a Hobbesian state of nature in which moral judgments are entirely inappropriate, and in the other, states are analogous to persons in domestic society in having rights of autonomy that insulate them from external moral assessment and political interference. Beitz postulates that a theory of international politics should include a revised principle of state autonomy based on the justice of a state's domestic institutions, and a principle of international distributive justice to establish a fair division of resources and wealth among persons situated in diverse national societies.



States of Perfect Freedom

States of Perfect Freedom Author Philip Abbott
ISBN-10 0870235427
Release 1987-01
Pages 212
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States of Perfect Freedom has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from States of Perfect Freedom also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full States of Perfect Freedom book for free.



Contract Theory

Contract Theory Author Patrick Bolton
ISBN-10 0262025760
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 724
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A comprehensive introduction to contract theory, emphasizing common themes and methodologies as well as applications in key areas.



Outsourcing and Insourcing in an International Context

Outsourcing and Insourcing in an International Context Author Marc J. Schniederjans
ISBN-10 0765632152
Release 2005-09-06
Pages
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Designed for upper-level undergraduate or graduate courses in production-operations management, management information systems, international business, and strategic management, this text focuses on concepts, processes, and methodologies for firms planning to undertake or currently involved in outsourcing-insourcing decisions. Outsourcing and Insourcing in an International Context is the only available text that includes coverage of the international risk factors associated with this strategy. The book presents a balanced view of the positive and negative aspects of outsourcing, and provides essential coverage of the fundamental techniques involved in any outsourcing-insourcing decision. In addition, it discusses the ethical ramifications of outsourcing for companies and governments around the world. Each chapter includes learning objectives, discussion questions, and sample problems. An Instructor's Manual and Test Bank are available to teachers who adopt the text.