Elderly Entrepreneurship in an Aging Us Economy

Elderly Entrepreneurship in an Aging Us Economy Author Ting Zhang
ISBN-10 9789812814500
Release 2008
Pages 284
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The study of elderly entrepreneurship and its potential impact on labor, Social Security funds and regional economic growth is of significant importance, particularly for the US economy where population aging coincidentally intersects with the economic shift to a OC knowledge economyOCO. On the one hand, aging, combined with a declining average retirement age, is expected to result in labor force shortages and Social Security fund exhaustion; yet on the other hand, the OC knowledge economyOCO could elevate the value of elderly human capital as the OC knowledge economyOCO is less physically demanding and more human-capital- and knowledge-based.Building on the utility maximization theory, economic growth theories and social theories of aging, this timely book addresses the old-age effect on entrepreneurial propensity; the sources of seniors'' entrepreneurship, including the social and policy variables affecting seniors'' entrepreneurship; and the economic, fiscal and labor impacts of elderly entrepreneurship.



Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in China

Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in China Author Ting Zhang
ISBN-10 9789814273367
Release 2013
Pages 337
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This book provides an analysis of the existing economic dynamics and factors contributing to entrepreneurship in China. Featuring contributions from prominent authors such as Zoltan Acs and Jian Gao, it first poses a theoretical question of whether entrepreneurship exists in China and, if so, the extent and form it takes. This book also examines whether the nature of entrepreneurship in China differs from that elsewhere. Following this investigation, empirical tests and analyses focus on important issues such as: What is the special value of entrepreneurship in China? Does entrepreneurship in China drive economic growth like it does in other more market-oriented economies? What is entrepreneurship in China like? What is its history, nature, environment, and what are some of the underlying diversities or challenges it is facing? Assuming entrepreneurship in China is important to economic growth, how can public policy help to enhance the entrepreneurship milieu in China? Finally, based on the empirical findings and potential policy implications, future directions of investigation are suggested.



Aging Economic Growth and Old age Security in Asia

Aging  Economic Growth  and Old age Security in Asia Author Donghyun Park
ISBN-10 9781781953600
Release 2012-01-01
Pages 195
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Population aging is perhaps the single biggest economic and social obstacle confronting AsiaÕs future. The region-wide demographic transition towards an older population is fundamentally reshaping the demographic landscape, and is giving rise to two key socio-economic challenges. This timely book provides an in-depth analysis of these challenges and presents concrete policy options for tackling them. First, the expert contributors argue, Asia must find ways to sustain rapid economic growth in the face of less favorable demographics, which implies slower growth of the workforce. Second, they contend, Asia must find ways to deliver affordable, adequate and sustainable old-age economic security for its growing elderly population. Underpinned by rigorous analysis, a wide range of concrete policy options for sustaining economic growth while delivering economic security for the elderly are then presented. These include Asia-wide policy options Ð relevant to the entire region Ð such as building up strong national pension systems, whilst other policy options are more relevant to sub-groups of countries. This stimulating and informative book will be of great interest to academics, students and researchers with an interest in Asian studies, economics generally, and more specifically, public sector economics.



Rural Aging in 21st Century America

Rural Aging in 21st Century America Author Nina Glasgow
ISBN-10 9789400755673
Release 2012-12-14
Pages 384
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This book investigates sociological, demographic and geographic aspects of aging in rural and nonmetropolitan areas of the United States. Population aging is one of the most important trends of the 20th and 21st centuries, and it is occurring worldwide, especially in more developed countries such as the United States. Population aging is more rapid in rural than urban areas of the U.S. In 2010, 15 percent of the nonmetropolitan compared to 12 percent of the metropolitan population were 65 years of age and older. By definition rural communities have smaller sized populations, and more limited healthcare, transportation and other aging-relevant services than do urban areas. It is thus especially important to study and understand aging in rural environments. Rural Aging in 21st Century America contributes evidence-based, policy-relevant information on rural aging in the U.S. A primary objective of the book is to improve understanding of what makes the experience of rural aging different from aging in urban areas and to increase understanding of the aged change the nature of rural places. The book addresses unique features of rural aging across economic, racial/ethnic, migration and other structures and patterns, all with a focus on debunking myths about rural aging and to emphasize opportunities and challenges that rural places and older people experience.



The Economics of Aging

The Economics of Aging Author David A. Wise
ISBN-10 9780226903224
Release 2009-05-15
Pages 426
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The Economics of Aging presents results from an ongoing National Bureau of Economic Research project. Contributors consider the housing mobility and living arrangements of the elderly, their labor force participation and retirement, the economics of their health care, and their financial status. The goal of the research is to further our understanding both of the factors that determine the well-being of the elderly and of the consequences that follow from an increasingly older population with longer individual life spans. Each paper is accompanied by critical commentary.



Population Aging and the Generational Economy

Population Aging and the Generational Economy Author Ronald Demos Lee
ISBN-10 9780857930583
Release 2011-01-01
Pages 616
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'While there already exists a crowded body of publications addressing the effect of an aging population on the economy, this monograph is most outstanding in presenting a global, in-depth analysis of the implications thereby generated for 23 developed and developing countries. . . Scholars, researchers, and practitioners everywhere will benefit immensely from this comprehensive work.' – H.I. Liebling, Choice 'Ron Lee and Andrew Mason's Population Aging and the Generational Economy is a demographic and economic tour-de-force. Their collaborative, intercontinental. . . study of aging, consumption, labor supply, saving, and private and public transfers is the place to go to understand global aging and its myriad and significant economic challenges and opportunities.' – Laurence Kotlikoff, Boston University, US 'The culmination of. . . work by Lee, Mason, and their collaborators from around the world to extend Samuelson's framework to accommodate realistic demography, empirical measurement of age-specific earnings, consumption, tax payments, and benefit receipts, the studies. . . demonstrate the power of this integrated economic-demographic framework to advance our understanding of critical public policy challenges faced by countries at different stages of demographic transition and population aging.' – Robert Willis, University of Michigan, US 'Lee and Mason have done scholars and practitioners a magnificent service by undertaking this comprehensive, compelling, and supremely innovative examination of the economic consequences of changes in population age structure. The book is a bona fide crystal ball. It will be a MUST READ for the next decade!' – David Bloom, Harvard School of Public Health, US 'Population Aging and the Generational Economy provides an encompassing account of what we know about population aging and the impact that this process will have on our economies. It does not confine itself to the advanced industrial countries, where aging has already been largely studied, but adopts a truly global perspective. I am sure it will become a key reference for researchers, students and those involved in policy-making in areas that are affected by population aging.' – Giuliano Bonoli, Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration (IDHEAP), Switzerland Over coming decades, changes in population age structure will have profound implications for the macroeconomy, influencing economic growth, generational equity, human capital, saving and investment, and the sustainability of public and private transfer systems. How the future unfolds will depend on key actors in the generational economy: governments, families, financial institutions, and others. This path-breaking book provides a comprehensive analysis of the macroeconomic effects of changes in population age structure across the globe. The result of a substantial seven-year research project involving over 50 economists and demographers from Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the United States, the book draws on a new and comprehensive conceptual framework – National Transfer Accounts – to quantify the economic lifecycle and economic flows across generations. It presents comprehensive estimates of both public and private economic flows between generations, and emphasizes the global nature of changes in population age structure that are affecting rich and poor countries alike. This unique and informative book will prove an invaluable reference tool for a wide-ranging audience encompassing students, researchers, and academics in fields such as demography, aging, public finance, economic development, macroeconomics, gerontology, and national income accounting; for policy-makers and advisers focusing on areas of the public sector such as education, health, pensions, other social security programs, tax policy, and public debt; and for policy analysts at international agencies such as the World Bank, the IMF, and the UN.



A Reformulation of Keynesian Economics

A Reformulation of Keynesian Economics Author Jagdish Handa
ISBN-10 9789814616119
Release 2015-07-16
Pages 572
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John Maynard Keynes' response to the extreme distress of the early years of the Great Depression produced The General Theory, which represented an overhaul of the macroeconomics inherited by his generation. The economic upheaval (including the Great Recession) since 2008 raised serious doubts about the relevance of economics as it had come to be formulated and taught by the beginning of this century. While numerous books and articles have addressed the current distress of economies through contributions to specific parts of macroeconomics, none has offered an attractive alternative that represents a general overhaul of the macroeconomics inherited by the current generation. A Reformulation of Keynesian Economic does so, and provides a modern integrated version of macroeconomics for the modern economies as they function. This book's many insights and innovations include: discarding the classical concepts of the long run and the short run in favour of the behavioural concepts of the planning period (the long term) and the short term (the operating period); discarding the exogenous production function in favour of an endogenous one; distinguishing between the short-term and the long-term production functions; replacing the dynamic stochastic notional general equilibrium (DSGE) approach for the short term by a more general one that permits effective equilibrium and disequilibrium in specific markets; and, a reformulation of the financial sector analysis and of the Keynesian business cycle theory. This thoroughgoing revision of macroeconomics is must-read for macroeconomists, policymakers and graduate students. It can even be used as a textbook by instructors who question the inherited orthodoxy built around the DSGE model and are looking for an alternative formulation of macroeconomics. Contents:IntroductionReformulating Macroeconomics: Main ElementsThe Production SectorThe Labor Market, Employment and WagesThe Demand for Commodities and the Supply of LaborThe Financial Sector in the Financial EconomyA Reformulation of the Expectations Hypothesis for Keynesian EconomicsA Reformulation of the Keynesian Business Cycle ApproachSummary and Conclusions Readership: Researchers in macroeconomics and policy makers; graduate and advanced undergraduate students who wish to have an overview of macroeconomic theory relevant to modern economies. Key Features:The book updates macroeconomic modelling for modern financial (as against merely barter or monetary) economiesOffers insights and innovations which are thought-provoking, and constitute an invitation to researchers to re-think macroeconomics, starting by rebuilding its foundations along more behavioural linesIntegrates financial capital into the analysis of production both in terms of the technology/equipment that the firm chooses over its planning period and the production levels in each of its operating periodsKeywords:Macroeconomics;Keynesian Economics;Monetary Economics



Unretirement

Unretirement Author Chris Farrell
ISBN-10 9781620401583
Release 2014-09-02
Pages 256
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The budget battles of recent years have amplified the warnings of demographic doomsayers who predicted that a wave of baby boomers would bleed America dry, bankrupting Social Security and Medicare as they faded into an impoverished old age. On the contrary, argues award-winning journalist Chris Farrell, we are instead on the verge of a broad, positive transformation of our economy and society. The old idea of "retirement"--a word that means withdrawal, describing a time when people gave up productive employment and shrank their activities--was a short-lived historical anomaly. Humans have always found meaning and motivation in work and community, Farrell notes, and the boomer generation, poised to live longer in better health than any before, is already discovering unretirement--extending their working lives with new careers, entrepreneurial ventures, and volunteer service. Their experience, wisdom--and importantly, their continued earnings--will enrich the American workplace, treasury, and our whole society in the decades to come. Unretirement not only explains this seismic change, now in its early stages, it provides key insights and practical advice for boomers about to navigate this exciting, but unsettled, new frontier, drawing on Chris Farrell's decades of covering personal finance and economics for Bloomsberg Businessweek and Marketplace Money. This will be an indispensable guide to the landscape of unretirement from one of America's most trusted experts.



Retirement Age Policies in Massachusetts

Retirement Age Policies in Massachusetts Author United States. Congress. House. Select Committee on Aging
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105045067076
Release 1977
Pages 111
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Retirement Age Policies in Massachusetts has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Retirement Age Policies in Massachusetts also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Retirement Age Policies in Massachusetts book for free.



Enduring Questions in Gerontology

Enduring Questions in Gerontology Author Debra J. Sheets, RN, PhD
ISBN-10 0826164161
Release 2005-11-10
Pages 320
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Enduring Questions in Gerontology provides a comprehensive perspective on the abiding issues in gerontology. Both current and future gerontologists will find this book useful in examining emerging dilemmas and creating a context for further progress in the field of aging. The most creative thinkers contributing to the gerontological literature reflect on their disciplines, consider how key questions have emerged, review how they have changed in the decades since gerontology entered the fray, and speculate what may lie ahead. The resulting collection of essays offers a comprehensive perspective on the enduring questions in gerontology and how they have shaped our understanding of differences in the experience of old age. Key contributors to this volume include: George L. Maddox Christine L. Fry Steven Austad Kenneth Brummel-Smith Manfred Diehl Martha Holstein W. Andrew Achenbaum James E. Birren As an emerging or seasoned scholar, you will find insights into the ways in which each disciplinary focus grapples with societal transitions, identifies emerging issues, and lays out strategies and salient perspectives for what should come next.



Discoveries in the Economics of Aging

Discoveries in the Economics of Aging Author David A. Wise
ISBN-10 9780226146126
Release 2014-08-29
Pages 528
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The oldest members of the Baby-Boomer generation are now crossing the threshold of eligibility for Social Security and Medicare with extensive and significant implications for these programs’ overall spending and fiscal sustainability. Yet the aging of the Baby Boomers is just one part of the rapidly changing landscape of aging in the United States and around the world. The latest volume in the NBER’s Economics of Aging series, Discoveries in the Economics of Aging assembles incisive analyses of the most recent research in this expanding field of study. A substantive focus of the volume is the well-documented relationship between health and financial well-being, especially as people age. The contributors explore this issue from a variety of perspectives within the context of the changing demographic landscape. The first part of the volume explores recent trends in health measurement, including the use of alternative measurement indices. Later contributions explore, among other topics, alternate determinants of health, including retirement, marital status, and cohabitation with family, and the potential for innovations, interventions, and public policy to improve health and financial well-being.



Global aging

Global aging Author United States. Congress. Senate. Special Committee on Aging
ISBN-10 PURD:32754076955941
Release 2003-01-01
Pages 168
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Global aging has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Global aging also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Global aging book for free.



Pensions Politics and the Elderly

Pensions  Politics  and the Elderly Author Daniel J. B. Mitchell
ISBN-10 076560518X
Release 2000
Pages 204
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An historical exploration of the U.S. pensioner movements from the late 1920s through the 1950s, and the insights they offer present-day policy analysts and researchers.



The Upside of Aging

The Upside of Aging Author Paul Irving
ISBN-10 9781118691908
Release 2014-04-03
Pages 304
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The Upside of Aging: How Long Life Is Changing the World of Health, Work, Innovation, Policy and Purpose explores a titanic shift that will alter every aspect of human existence, from the jobs we hold to the products we buy to the medical care we receive - an aging revolution underway across America and the world. Moving beyond the stereotypes of dependency and decline that have defined older age, The Upside of Aging reveals the vast opportunity and potential of this aging phenomenon, despite significant policy and societal challenges that must be addressed. The book’s chapter authors, all prominent thought-leaders, point to a reinvention and reimagination of our older years that have critical implications for people of all ages. With a positive call to action, the book illuminates the upside for health and wellness, work and volunteerism, economic growth, innovation and education. The authors, like the baby boom generation itself, posit new ways of thinking about aging, as longevity and declining birthrates put the world on track for a mature population of unprecedented size and significance. Among topics they examine are: The emotional intelligence and qualities of the aging brain that science is uncovering, “senior moments” notwithstanding. The new worlds of genomics, medicine and technology that are revolutionizing health care and wellness. The aging population’s massive impact on global markets, with enormous profit potential from an explosion in products and services geared toward mature consumers. New education paradigms to meet the needs and aspirations of older people, and to capitalize on their talents. The benefits that aging workers and entrepreneurs bring to companies, and the crucial role of older people in philanthropy and society. Tools and policies to facilitate financial security for longer and more purposeful lives. Infrastructure and housing changes to create livable cities for all ages, enabling “aging in place” and continuing civic contribution from millions of older adults. The opportunities and potential for intergenerational engagement and collaboration. The Upside of Aging defines a future that differs profoundly from the retirement dreams of our parents and grandparents, one that holds promise and power and bears the stamp of a generation that has changed every stage of life through which it has moved.



Baby Boomers of Color

Baby Boomers of Color Author Melvin Delgado
ISBN-10 9780231538428
Release 2014-11-18
Pages 288
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Baby Boomers of Color has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Baby Boomers of Color also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Baby Boomers of Color book for free.



Problems of the Rural Elderly in Michigan

Problems of the Rural Elderly in Michigan Author United States. Congress. House. Select Committee on Aging. Task Force on the Rural Elderly
ISBN-10 UOM:39015009017941
Release 1983
Pages 54
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Problems of the Rural Elderly in Michigan has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Problems of the Rural Elderly in Michigan also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Problems of the Rural Elderly in Michigan book for free.



Shock of Gray

Shock of Gray Author Ted Fishman
ISBN-10 9781416551034
Release 2012-10-02
Pages 401
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In "Shock of Gray," Ted Fishman explains the astouding economic and political changes we face as our world suddenly grows old.